Cleft lip and cleft palate which can also occur together as cleft lip and palate, are variations of a type of clefting congenital deformity caused by abnormal facial development during gestation. A cleft is a fissure or opening—a gap. It is the non-fusion of the body’s natural structures that form before birth. Approximately 1 in 700 children born have a cleft lip or a cleft palate or both
Clefts can also affect other parts of the face, such as the eyes, ears, nose, cheeks, and forehead.A cleft lip or palate can be successfully treated with surgery, especially so if conducted soon after birth or in early childhood.